Xponential 2023: “eVTOL airworthiness certificate in the third quarter of 2024” Billy Nolen

“For both drones and AAM, we have to make progress on several — what I call — “key enablers.” And we have to integrate these enablers in a holistic way, on a global basis.  Let’s start with the need to ensure safety. The public expects nothing less than the highest levels of safety in aviation, no matter where in the world they fly. And they will expect the exact same thing for drones and AAM operations.

“All it takes is one major accident — or even some close calls — to erode public confidence.

He continued:

“But to unleash the full potential of drones, we need to enable routine operations beyond the pilot’s visual line of sight.  We know that some in industry think we’re not moving fast enough on BVLOS.  During my year leading the FAA, we have started to fix this. Last year, we issued the first type certificate for Matternet.  But our pace is dictated by the need to ensure safety. We won’t compromise safety, no matter what the technology is.

“Completing BVLOS is a top priority for all of us, and we’re in the early stages of developing the rule. We’ve received a lot of input from stakeholders, and the public, over the past year. Our initial focus is on normalizing standard operations for BVLOS flights at low altitudes. This will enable drone use for functions like infrastructure inspections and agricultural operations.

“Then we need to clear the way for more tailored approval paths for package delivery and figure out the best approach to integrate operations into more complex airspace. We don’t yet have a date for when we will issue a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking. But once that happens, we look forward to receiving more feedback from the public.

“As industry and the FAA continue to better understand the capabilities of drones, and the safety risk mitigations necessary to fly them, we expect waiver requests to increase.  And that’s good news. These waivered operations will provide us with more valuable information to ultimately shape our safety rules and integration efforts.

On advanced air mobility he said:

“And when it comes to Advanced Air Mobility, we expect to see great demand for these operations by the time the Los Angeles Olympics take place in 2028. The FAA has issued the certification basis for two eVTOL aircraft by companies, Joby and Archer. And we expect to issue the first eVTOL airworthiness certificate by the 3rd quarter of 2024, as long as safety permits.  And by that time, the FAA expects to complete the standards that pilots must meet to operate the first generation of AAM aircraft.

He continued:

“But establishing safety rules and pilot standards are just the beginning of a longer journey. Another key enabler is going to be developing the infrastructure, and changes to airspace, both in the U.S. and around the world. The Blueprint we released last week outlines the next steps toward initial and long-term airspace integration. We expect that initial AAM vehicles will use existing infrastructure such as helipads, routes, and air traffic control services where possible.

“As operations increase, these vehicles could fly in corridors where operators could be responsible for keeping aircraft safely separated using industry-developed, FAA-approved rules.

“We know that, ultimately, industry wants to get to a place where these vehicles can operate autonomously. NASA is doing some great work with their Data and Reasoning Fabric – a model for enabling data connectivity. DRF would build logic into decision-making tools to enable safe flight operations for autonomous drones.

“Of course, advanced aviation companies seek to operate across the globe. So, the next key enabler involves establishing a common regulatory framework around the world.

“The FAA is working with our European counterparts through our existing agreements. And we’re working with the UK, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, as well as Japan and South Korea, on ways to align our certification processes and standards for AAM aircraft. In everything we do – safety rulemaking, airspace integration – it’s essential that we think of advanced aviation in a holistic way, and engage each other proactively.

“So, the FAA is hosting a Drone Symposium, in concert with an AAM Summit, during the first week of August. These forums will give us a chance to identify challenges early, and develop solutions together. This will help us ensure safety, while giving maximum thrust to the great progress industry is making.“

I know it will be a productive set of meetings, even though by that time, I will no longer be serving as the FAA’s acting Administrator. As some of you may know, I’ve announced my departure from the agency over the summer.

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(Image: Federal Aviation Administration)

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